It is also often used in baking in the Nordic countries, in particular in Sweden, Norway, and Finland, where it is used in traditional treats such as the Scandinavian Yule bread Julekake, the Swedish kardemummabullar sweet bun, and Finnish sweet bread pulla. Frisch works directly with smallholder spice farmers around the world to source the most unique ones, so he knows his way around a spice rack. The spice is frequently used in both sweet and savory dishes in global cuisines from India to the Middle East to Scandinavia, says Frisch. The first references to cardamom are found in Sumer, and in the Ayurvedic literatures of India. When used too much, it can be slightly astringent. Chandy – Governor of Gujarat", "Cardamom – The 3Gs – Green Gold of Guatemala", "Kerala cardamom trying to fight off its Guatemalan cousin", Parthasarathy, Chempakam & Zachariah 2008, CardamomHQ: In-depth information on Cardamom, Plant Cultures: botany and history of Cardamom, Center for International Forestry Research,, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Taxonbars without primary Wikidata taxon IDs, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, True or green cardamom (or when bleached, white cardamom, Aubertine, C. 2004, Cardamom (Amomum spp.) It is best stored in the pod, as exposed or ground seeds quickly lose their flavour. Cardamom is a spice made from the seed pods of the cardamom plant, a close relative to ginger and turmeric, that is native to South India. In about a year, the seedlings reach about 1 foot (0.30 m) in length, and are ready for transplantation. [35] In India, the state of Kerala is by far the most productive producer, with the districts of Idukki, Palakkad and Wynad being the principal producing areas. Cardamom also nicely compliments cinnamon, allspice, nutmeg, cloves and ginger (it's close relative), so you'll often see cardamom pods here. [26], In China, Amomum was an important part of the economy during the Song Dynasty (960–1279). [26], According to Nair (2011), in the years when India achieves a good crop, it is still less productive than Guatemala. We may earn commission from the links on this page. The brushwood is cut down and burned, and the roots of powerful weeds torn up so as to free the soil. [5], The word "cardamom" is derived from the Latin cardamomum,[6] which is the Latinisation of the Greek καρδάμωμον (kardamomon),[7] a compound of κάρδαμον (kardamon), "cress"[8] + ἄμωμον (amomon), which was probably the name for a kind of Indian spice plant. That's because German settlers brought it there in the early 1900s to grow alongside their coffee crops, explains Frisch. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Green cardamom is the one you’ll generally see in grocery stores and many spice shops and it turns out that white cardamom is simply a bleached version of that. The produce of the Travancore plantations was given as 650,000 lb., or just a little under that of Ceylon. [4], Cardamom is the world's third-most expensive spice, surpassed in price per weight only by saffron and vanilla. 1-Asia, Center for International Forestry Research. Cardamom also nicely compliments cinnamon, allspice, nutmeg, cloves and ginger (it's close relative), so you'll often see cardamom pods here. It's also the variety most commonly used in Indian cooking. The pods contain a number of seeds, but the entire cardamom pod can be used whole or ground. Production constraints mentioned are recurring climate vagaries, the absence of regular re-plantation, and ecological conditions associated with deforestation. 1974). However, some 95% of cardamom produced in India is for domestic purposes [44] ,[37] and India is itself by far the most important consuming country for cardamoms in the world. Delish editors handpick every product we feature. Green cardamom is often used in traditional Indian sweets and in masala chai (spiced tea). In Asia, both types of cardamom are widely used in both sweet and savory dishes, particularly in the south. [24] The average annual income for a plantation owning household in 1998 was US$3,408. [4][19] India, formerly the largest producer, since 2000 has been the second worldwide,[19] generating around 15,000 tonnes annually. Delish participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. By the early 21st century, Guatemala became the largest producer of cardamom in the world, with an average annual yield between 25,000 and 29,000 tonnes. Cardamom (/ˈkɑːrdəməm/), sometimes cardamon or cardamum,[1] is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae. Cardamom has a strong, floral aroma and a warm, pungent taste, adding a sweet yet citrusy flavor to both sweet and savory dishes. [33] India, which ranks second in world production, recorded a decline of 6.7 percent in cardamom production for 2012-13,[34] and has projected a production decline of 30-40% in 2013-14, compared with the previous year due to unfavorable weather. The seasons in Malabar are a little later than in Mysore, and according to some reports, a full crop may even be obtained in the third year. One to spotlight? [38] Alta Verapaz Department produces 70 percent of Guatemala's cardamom. [18], By the early 21st century, Guatemala became the largest producer of cardamom in the world, with an average annual yield between 25,000 and 29,000 tonnes. Individual seeds are sometimes chewed and used in much the same way as chewing gum. Ground cardamom is the least potent form of cardamom. [20], Increased demand since the 1980s, principally from China, for both A. villosum and A. tsao-ko, has been met by farmers living at higher altitudes in localized areas of China, Laos, and Vietnam, people typically isolated from many other markets.[21][22][23]. The yield of the Mysore plantations was approximately 200,000 lb., and the cultivation was mainly in Kadur district.

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