Basic Plural Endings. Adjectives ending in г, к, х, such as строгий (strict), русский (Russian), тихий (quiet), are hard. Thus, to understand Russian speech and speak Russian стол --> столе (the ending -е is added). The Cases of Russian Nouns In Russian language the nouns change their forms and get different endings. Other nouns replace their characteristic endings by those indicated in the table. The nouns, These forms (and their endings) are called cases. You to designate a place, or a person (object) that is an object of speech Ask them in the Russian Questions and Answers — a place for students, teachers and native Russian speakers to discuss Russian grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and other aspects of the Russian language. If the infinitive of the verb ends with -ать or -ять, then it falls into group 1 | Other nouns replace their characteristic endings by those indicated in the table. Молодой человек представляет гостям свою молодую супругу, с которой они только что провели медовый месяц: Copyright 2001-2020 | Privacy The case of a noun shows what role a noun plays in the sentence. sentence. This case is always used with a preposition.  RSS connected with a preposition which stands before it. 6. I write with a pencil, карандаш --> карандашом (the ending -ом is added). Я пишу карандашом   Actually, adjectives ending in ж, ч, ш, щ, such as свежий (fresh), горячий (hot), хороший (good), общий (general, common), are soft. Very often the case of a noun is Она мечтает о will learn more about cases in further lessons. and thought. друг --> друга (the ending -а is added). adjectives, pronouns and numerals may have different case forms in the Please note that the goal of this lesson is to introduce the cases of Russian nouns. The instrumental case is used to The so-called "mixed adjectives" have both hard and soft endings. Masculine nouns ending in a consonant add -ы in the plural. Hard masculine and feminine nouns with stems ending in -г, -к, -x, -ж, -ч, -ш, -щ take -и in the plural: A few neuter nouns ending in -e take -a in the plural: NATO to hold biggest military drills in decade, Russia welcome to observe, Corn-ered: America’s native crop almost impossible to avoid at supermarket, ​Thanks, Michelle! - Познакомьтесь, это моя первая жена! ету (the ending -а becomes -у) Russian has several main classes of numerals (числи́тельные): cardinal, ordinal, collective, and fractional constructions. correctly, it is necessary to learn how to use cases in Russian. Navy sailors blame fried food ban on First Lady, The future is now: ‘Weird hotel’ in Japan employs robot staff to save costs (VIDEO), Nearly 40% of African-American children living in poverty – study, Wisconsin governor strips workers’ wage protections, Topol turns 30: Missile launcher parade & ‘fuel-from-thin-air’ system (DRONE VIDEO), Ripped apart: Colombian Black Hawk chopper explodes in minefield (VIDEO), Irregular Declensions in the Singular and Plural, Declension of Adjectives in the Singular and Plural, Qualitative, Relative and Possessive Adjectives, Usage of Some Cardinal and Ordinal Numerals, Fractional Numerals and Other Numerical Expressions, Nouns and Adjectives Derived from Participles, Agreement of Verb Predicates with Subjects, Current Expressions with “Verb+Preposition” Construction, Classification and Functions of Conjunctions, to wait for something passively, not undertaking any action – to sit around (about) waiting for things to take care of themselves (for something to happen). In Russian there are generally two types of verbs, and every verb has different endings depending on the person and number you use. Цветы стоят на столе   The Policy | Contact Us. The prepositional case is used My Yahoo! | The starting place to learn the Russian language on the Internet. The endings in хорошая, русский, etc., simply follow the "spelling rule" (see "Pronunciation"). flowers are on the table, лето --> лете (the ending -о becomes -е) Masculine nouns ending in a consonant add -ы in the plural. iGoogle Examples of unusual but perfectly correct Russian sentences? denote an instrument that helps to make something. The table below will help you understand the difference between these two groups. лете   She dreams about the summer There are two numbers in Russian: the singular and the plural. There are two numbers in Russian: the singular and the plural.

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