They like the river edges and lake sides, where there is lots of vegetation with vines and lianas. It is named for the white feather markings clearly visible on its dark-feathered face, which partially encircle the eyes and extend downwards as far as the bird’s cheeks. They roam around the tree tops in large troops of 20 to 100, making a lot of noise! Spectacled owls have even been reported as successfully hunting prey larger than themselves, such as agoutis, opossums, and the three-toed sloth. They feed on small insects and fruits, and like to tear up flowers to get at the nectar. Sadly, Hyacinth Macaws are endangered: Their main threat is the illegal pet trade. The Puma is the second largest cat in the Americas, after the Jaguar. It’s named after Yasuni National Park, where it is endemic. Their habitat range is the largest of any wild carnivore in the Western Hemisphere. Photo by Rhett A. Butler. It can grow up to 200 pounds and measure around 3.5 ft long. There are around 80,000 species of Amazon Rainforest plants, which grow as trees, shrubs, bushes and vines creating a wildlife-filled environment. If two eggs are laid, usually only one of the chicks will survive to adulthood. Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon rainforest is also called the Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle. Often seen throughout the Amazon Basin, these monkeys are called “Squirrel” because they’re small and agile and spend most of their life in trees, feeding primarily on fruits and insects. The Ocelot is Latin America's third largest cat, behind the Jaguar and Puma. It has been estimated that there are around 150 Ocelots per 62 square miles within Yasunì National Park– a remarkable density, given the scarcity of other big cats. The larger great horned owl (Bubo virginianus) has been known to venture into rainforest habitats, but only rarely, and it therefore cannot be described as a true rainforest owl. READ MORE: 8 Great Reasons to Visit the Peruvian Amazon. They will also feed on large insects and spiders. The spectacled owl eats small mammals and large insects. It’s medium-sized, measuring approximately 18-20 inches in height. The Amazon Rainforest is a birder’s paradise with over 1500 described species of rainforest birds. This jungle is comprised of a large area of South America and is distributed over nine countries, which includes: Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Suriname, Guyana and French Guiana. They’re solitary birds, most active during the night. Eyra cat) is one of the smaller wild cats found in the Amazon. They’re mostly vegetarian and play an important role in maintaining a healthy riverine ecosystem. For this reason, the German name for Squirrel Monkeys is Totenkopfaffen, meaning “Death’s Head Monkey.”. The fur on their face is black and white, making them vaguely resemble a skeleton. However, they are now under threat because of hunting, egg collection, habitat loss, and pollution. However, unlike most other New World monkeys, they can’t use their tail for climbing. Wood Owls. Jaguarundis are mainly solitary and active during the day, unlike most felines. The Toco Toucan is the largest and best known of the seven Toucan species found in the Amazon. Once common, Pumas are increasingly threatened because of loss of habitat and persecution from locals over fear of livestock attacks. But their bill is actually quite light, since it’s hollow. They’ve even been known to eat old or weak Caimans! After the Condor, they’re the largest of all the New World vultures. But the largest one, the Giant Armadillo, is only found in the Amazon, where it can reach up to 5 feet long and weigh up to 120 pounds. READ MORE: New Amazon Animals Discovered! They also have short, rounded ears and a uniformly-colored coat, which can be either brownish-gray or chestnut red. They have short legs, a long body, and an even longer tail. Owls are named after the tuft of feathers surrounding their … The favorite habitat of Spectacled Owls is thick, primary rainforest, but they sometimes move to sparser woodlands when hunting. It does not hoot, but instead produces a guttural knocking or tapping sound. It is often seen feasting of fish and other small prey in oxbow lakes, which are created by slow-flowing rivers changing course, and in other slow-flowing rivers and swamps. These include the spectacled owl, a wood owl which lives in the Amazon rainforest. They have no feathers on their head and neck, but their skin is vividly colored in red and purple shades on the head, orange on the neck, and yellow on the throat. Toucans are sociable birds and are often seen flying in small groups, especially at sunset. Another consumer is the Horned Owl, it is a consumer because it will eat small rodents and mice. The Jaguarundi (a.k.a. Jaguar numbers are decreasing fast because of illegal hunting and loss of habitat. They’re now under increasing threat, mostly due to poaching for the illegal pet trade. Their name is taken from the fact that native South American people used to capture these frogs in order to dip their arrows and spears in their toxic secretions. Divided by scientists into six geographical subspecies across its broad range, the spectacled owl (Pulsatrix perspicillata) is the only owl species known to permanently inhabit the rainforests of the Amazon basin. Along with the Scarlet and Blue-Throated Macaw, Hyacinth Macaws can often be seen soaring in the skies of the Amazon Rainforest. Here I present a selection of some well known but also lesser known species with notes about behaviour and how they live. Home to more animal species than anywhere else, it’s the plants that provide food and homes for forest life. This is largely due to the rich biodiversity found within the Peruvian Amazon region. It is a resident breeder in forests from southern Mexico and Trinidad, through Central America, south to southern Brazil, Paraguay and northwestern Argentina. It wasn’t discovered until 2004, so very little is known about it, but scientists suggest it is likely threatened by habitat loss. Ecuador’s Amazon animals also include over 300 species of fish (including three piranha species) and 70,000 insect species per acre of rainforest. During the dry season, different Capybara groups join together for protection: It’s not uncommon for Amazon River cruise guests to see over 100 individuals at once! They typically measure between 21 and 30 inches, with a tail almost as long as their body, and weigh between seven and 20 pounds. Females also call, however, and in the breeding season birdwatchers have reported hearing spectacled owls engage in duets sung by breeding pairs. The most striking feature is their oversized bill, which is orange-yellow in color and measures between 6 and 9 inches. This is the big cat par excellence of South America, and the Amazon rainforest is one of the Jaguar’s last remaining strongholds. The River Dolphins have traditionally been spared from tribal hunting because they were believed to be magical creatures. Many species of armadillo can be found in North America. Pumas are solitary by nature and mostly hunt at nigh. It is the world’s richest and most-varied biological reservoir, containing several million species. These strikingly colorful frogs are commonly found in the rainforests of Central and South America. It is a broadleaf tropical rainforest. There are six subspecies. In common with other owl species, spectacled owls are solitary birds and are most active at night. An adult female may grow to weigh up to 1.25 kilograms (2.75 pounds), while males will only grow to a maximum weight of around 1.07 kilograms (2.39 pounds). Common throughout Central and South America, King Vultures are arguably among the most beautiful birds of the Amazon Rainforest. Its upper parts are dark brown, while its breast and belly are pale yellow. THE AMAZON RIVER TODAY . Deforestation and hunting are the main threats to the Tapir’s survival. Their diets mainly consist of fruit and nuts from native Amazonian palms, which they break with their hooked beaks (which are strong enough to break coconuts!). The female will lay one or two eggs and be almost entirely responsible for incubation. Like all vultures, they’re scavengers helping to keep the ecosystem clean of carrion. They hunt pretty much any kind of land-based or river-dwelling animal. Their prey in the Amazon include monkeys, birds, wild pigs, armadillos, and capybara. Adult spectacled owls range from 43 to 52 centimeters in height (16 to 20.5 inches). Like most other Bats, it eats insects. Their diet includes small felines, reptiles and ground-feeding birds, as Jaguarundis hunt more on the ground than in trees. Pumas are more closely related to smaller felines like the house cat, with whom they share behaviors such as purring and the inability to roar.

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