# magnification of which lens is negative

On the other hand, the magnification m is negative when the image formed is real and inverted. Diverging lenses come in a few different shapes, but all diverging lens are fatter on the edge than they are in the center. Required fields are marked *. It is given as. As usual, upright and inverted are taken relative to the orientation of the object. Even though diverging lenses look very different than converging lenses, you can find their magnification values using the same formulas as above. Each lens takes an object and creates an image. It is an equation that relates the focal length, image distance, and object distance for a spherical mirror. Please note that the magnification formula is applicable both in convex lenses and concave lenses. The object in this case is beyond the focal point, and, as usual, the place where the refracted rays appear to diverge from is the location of the image. We can use the ray diagram above to do an example. Your email address will not be published. Convex lenses are also known as converging lenses since the rays converge after falling on the convex lens while the concave lenses are known as diverging lenses as the rays diverge after falling on the concave lens. It is equal to the ratio of image distance to that of object distance. Because a lens transmits light rather than reflecting it like a mirror does, the other side of the lens is the positive side for images. The object lies close to principal axis. In optics, the relationship between the distance of an image (i), the distance of an object (o), and the focal length (f) of the lens are given by the formula known as Lens formula. It is given as, $$\frac{1}{i}$$ + $$\frac{1}{o}$$ = $$\frac{1}{f}$$. The power of the concave lens is negative, while the power of the convex lens can be positive. Working out the image distance using the lens equation gives: The negative sign signifies that the image is virtual, and on the same side of the lens as the object. ; The lens has a small aperture. Where f is the focal length of the lens used. If this equation shows a negative focal length, then the lens is a diverging lens rather than the converging lens. For converging mirrors, the focal length is positive. A basic microscope is made up of two converging lenses. We won't use more than two lenses, and we can do a couple of examples to see how you analyze problems like this. To analyze any system with more than one lens, work in steps. The power of a lens is the measure of the degree of convergence or divergence of the light rays falling on it. 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