Hutchinson, Quarto. Some of the most inconsequential, nit-picking, picayune objections to this prophecy are registered in the writings of Cheyne. Ezra 1:2. To anyone outside the small exilic community, however, Cyrus would have been the greatest figure in the world. "Commentary on Isaiah 45:1". [Horsley]. The only intended resemblance is in the fact that Cyrus was the anointed one who delivered the people of Israel from their captivity. Job (Job 12:18) employs this mode of expression, and Isaiah will afterwards employ it: (193) “I will gird thee.” (Ver. ", "To his anointed ..." (Isaiah 45:1). Cyrus’s messianic status should give us pause, if not surprise and offense. BibliographyGill, John. See also Job 12:21: And weakeneth the strength of the mighty; Margin, more correctly, ‹Looseth the girdle of the strong.‘ There was a literal fulfillment of this in regard to Belshazzar, king of Babylon, when the city was taken by Cyrus. The true meaning of the prophecy was not that Cyrus would literally break into pieces the 100 brass gates of Babylon, but that they would afford him no greater difficulty than if they had been so destroyed. "Commentary on Isaiah 45:1". To open before him the two-leaved gates; the great and magnificent gates of their cities and palaces, which shall be opened to him as conqueror. Isaiah 45:1; Revelation 19:19-21, (2) both are restorers of the holy city Isaiah 44:28; Zechariah 14:1-11. He moreover reigned over the Bactrians, Indians, Cilicians, the Sacae Paphlagones, and ldariandyni. "Commentary on Isaiah 45:1". "Scofield Reference Notes on Isaiah 45:1". Another important implication of this first verse is inherent in the name of Cyrus as God's anointed. By this expression he means that no fortresses can resist God, which indeed is acknowledged by all, but yet they do not cease to place foolish confidences in bulwarks and fortresses; for, where cities are well surrounded by walls, and the gates are shut, men think that there they are safe. Cyrus was to ruin the empire of Babylon, and to set the nations at liberty. Used by Permission. The city was not only enclosed with walls, but there were walls within the city on each side of the river Euphrates with gates, by which the inhabitants had access to the water of the river. In the revelry in Babylon on the night of its capture, the inner gates leading from the streets to the river were left open, because there were walls along each side of the Euphrates with gates, which, had they been kept shut, would have hemmed the invading hosts in the bed of the river where the Babylonians could have easily destroyed them. 1:21 1 John 2:27. https: And in order to impart greater efficacy to this discourse, he turns to Cyrus himself: “I have chosen thee to be a king to me; I will take hold of thy hand, and will subject the nations to thy authority, so that they shall open up a passage for thee, and voluntarily surrender.” These words have greater effect than if the Lord spoke to his people. Or, Doors. The gates of Babylon which led to the river, were left open the night that Cyrus marched his army into the empty channel. - Xenoph., Cyrop. Nations; the Babylonians, and those other nations which were confederate with them, and fought for them, as may be gathered from Jeremiah 51:9. In v. 7 ra’ is juxtaposed with “weal” (šālôm) — not “good” — making “woe” (or something like it) the appropriate contrast. To his anointed,] i.e., To his appointed and enabled one, to subdue many nations. Isaiah 45:1-7. https: It means here that God had solemnly set apart Cyrus to perform an important public service in his cause. To subdue nations before him — The nations conquered by him, according to Xenophon, were “the Syrians, Assyrians, Arabians, Cappadocians, the Phrygians, Lydians, Carians, Phœnicians, Babylonians. Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible. (b) Because Cyrus would execute the office of a deliverer, God called him his anointed for a time, but after another sort than he called David. He subdued all nations within and contiguous to Babylon — Medes, Assyrians, Babylonians, Hyrcanians, and the nations of account in Asia Minor. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". It also refers to the Messiah. https: Cyrus’s own religious commitments are unknown to us. Anointed, often implies one chosen for some great work. It is spoken by way of prophecy in the first relation to Babylon, but in the more direct reference to the redemption by Christ. The same principle adheres today: rulers and revolutionaries, celebrities and commoners alike come and go on the stage of history while the director of the drama holds history in his hands. https: This subdivision of section four presents more in detail the relations of Cyrus to Immanuel. "That I may open before him the valves; and the gates shall not be shut" -, To open before him the two-leaved gates, and the gates shall not be shut -, "I will break in pieces the gates of brass ...", "I will give thee the treasures of darkness ...", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Thus saith the Lord to his anointed, to Cyrus, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, "Sometimes we forget that God can use even unconverted world leaders for the good of His people and the progress of His work. And the gates of the palace were opened imprudently by the king's orders, to inquire what was the cause of the tumult without; when the two parties under Gobrias and Gadatas rushed in, got possession of the palace, and slew the king. Idiom for weakening. When the hand came forth on the walls of his palace, and the mysterious finger wrote his condemnation, it is said, ‹Then the king‘s countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against the other‘ Daniel 5:6. The loose outer robe of the Orientals, when girt fast round the loins, was the emblem of strength and preparedness for action; ungirt, was indicative of feebleness (Job 38:3; Job 12:21); “weakeneth the strength of the mighty” (Margin), “looseth the girdle of the strong.” The joints of (Belshazzar‘s) loins, we read in Daniel 5:6, were loosed during the siege by Cyrus, at the sight of the mysterious handwriting on the palace walls. "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". It properly means “the anointed,” and was a title which was commonly given to the kings of Israel, because they were set apart to their office by the ceremony of anointing, who hence were called οι χρυστοὶ Κυρίου hoi christoi Kuriou - ‘The anointed of the Lord‘ 1 Samuel 2:10, 1 Samuel 2:35; 1 Samuel 12:3, 1 Samuel 12:5; 1 Samuel 16:6; 1 Samuel 24:7, 1 Samuel 24:11; 1 Samuel 26:9, 1 Samuel 26:11, 1 Samuel 26:23; 2 Samuel 1:14, 2 Samuel 1:16; 2 Samuel 19:22-23. He could and would use whomever he chose to deliver His people. Although God frequently chooses to hold us in suspense, and thus conceals from us the method which he has ready at hand, yet, in this instance he indulges the weakness of his people, and explains the method in which he will deliver them. i. 1871-8. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Whose right hand I have holden - image from sustaining a feeble person by holding his right hand (Isaiah 42:6). For Israel’s sake Cyrus was anointed king. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". [Herodotus, 1.191]. He was anointed, yes, but only for the specific task of releasing the captive peoples. [Ezekiel 30:24] Et nemo vir magnus sine afflatu divine unquam fuit, saith Cicero. "Sometimes we forget that God can use even unconverted world leaders for the good of His people and the progress of His work." Though kings were not anointed in Persia, the expression is applied to him in reference to the Jewish custom of setting apart kings to the regal office by anointing. Assyrian rulers coveted this affirmation of their authority. Whose right hand I have holden — Or strengthened as החזקתי may be properly rendered; whom I will powerfully assist, teaching his hands to war, as the phrase is Psalms 18:34, supporting and directing his right hand, and enabling him to surmount all difficulties, and to overcome all opposition. The words here, and in the next verse, may have been used with a special reference to the “hundred brazen gates” of Babylon (Herod. open before him the two leaved gates: i.e. 1865-1868. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Isaiah 45:1. The joints of Belshazzar's loins, we read in Daniel 5:6, were loosed, during the siege by Cyrus, at the sight of the mysterious handwriting on the palace walls. It also happened in the revelry of that night, that the gates of the palace were left open, so that there was access to every part of the city. [Note: A. Martin, Isaiah . To open the gates before him. I will loose the loins of kings — This means, to weaken, as “to gird up” the loins, means to put strength into one. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. It does not mean that Cyrus was a man of piety, or a worshipper of the true God, of which there is no certain evidence, but that his appointment as king was owing to the arrangement of God‘s providence, and that he was to be employed in accomplishing his purposes.

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