masculine & neuter feminine The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. Topic: Adjectives in the instrumental case (2) Instructions: Choose the right INSTRUMENTAL form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). The rule on the use of ё would apply to ordinary adjectives, too, except that there don't happen to be any end-stressed adjectives with stems ending in a palatalized consonant. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 8 months ago. When we use a noun in the instrumental case… It was often replaced by the dative. The instrumental case was somewhat rare and occurred only in the masculine and neuter singular. It’s use after prepositions like c (with), между (between), перед (in front of), за (behind), над (over), and под (under). For now, let’s learn about the instrumental case of adjectives. Adjectives, pronouns and (sometimes) participles agreed with their corresponding nouns in case, number and gender. Active 2 years, 2 months ago. Is it correct and usual to use the instrumental case with adjectives when speaking in the past tense? Do you need help? "Trusty" is an adjective that, because it refers to the sword (which is the means by which the action is accomplished) is also in the instrumental case. The instrumental case is called so because it is used to describe the instrument by which and action is performed. Например: शिवेन विश्वं कृतम् - Śivena viśvaṁ kṛtam. For example: забивать гвоздь молотком (to drive in a nail with a hammer), писать ручкой (to write with a pen), ехать автобусом (to go by bus). Having "that" and "trusty" in the instrumental case as well as "sword" is an example of case agreement among adjectives, pronouns and nouns. See that both the adjective and noun end similar? Я люблю есть маленькими ложками – I like to eat with small spoons. *Table: Instrumental case, adjectives. Use of the instrumental case with adjectives in the past tense. Viewed 808 times 5. Finite verbs agreed with their subjects in … Just like with the dative case, the instrumental nouns and adjectives have similarities. Adjectives. 4) INSTRUMENTAL CASE: It indicates the Instrument.When you use this case you are "usually" indicating "by, through, by means of, with, along with, together with, etc.". The universe (viśvam) has been made (kṛtam) by Śiva (śivena)--"Śiva" is the instrument or means by which the entire universe has been made. Have a look at this grammar table to get extra help (it opens in a new window).
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